Newfoundland, Canada

Newfoundland — is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Newfoundland is often referred to as “The Middle of the North Atlantic”, but it is actually more than 1000 km away from it. The island of Newfoundland (originally called Terra Nova) was most likely first named by the Italian John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) in 1497. The province where this island is located was also called “Newfoundland” until 2001, when its name was changed to “Newfoundland and Labrador” (the postal abbreviation was later changed from NF to NL). The island was known as Vinland to the Norse.

The island of Newfoundland is separated from the Labrador Peninsula by the Strait of Belle Isle and from Cape Breton Island by the Cabot Strait. It blocks the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River, creating the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the world’s largest estuary. Newfoundland’s nearest neighbour is the tiny French overseas community of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

With an area of 111,390 km²,[2] Newfoundland is the world’s 16th largest island, and Canada’s fourth-largest island. The provincial capital, St. John’s, is found on the southeastern tip of the island. Cape Spear, just south of the capital, is North America’s easternmost point. The island of Newfoundland has a population (2001) of 466,172. However, it is common to consider all directly neighbouring islands such as New World, Twillingate, Fogo and Bell Islands to be ‘part of Newfoundland’ (as distinct from Labrador). By that measure, the population is (2001) 485,066

The inhabitants of Newfoundland speak a dialect of English known as Newfoundland English and a dialect of French known as Newfoundland French. There was once a dialect of Irish known as Newfoundland Irish, as well as an Amerindian language, Beothuk.
[Source: Wikipedia]

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