Machu Picchu (Quechua: Old Mountain; sometimes called the “Lost City of the Incas”) is a well-preserved pre-Columbian Inca ruin located on a high mountain ridge.
Elevation measurements vary depending on whether the data refers to the ruin or the extremity of the mountain, Machu Picchu tourist information reports the elevation as 2,350 m (7,710 ft) . Machu Picchu is located above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, about 70 km (44 mi) northwest of Cusco. Forgotten for centuries by the outside world, although not by locals, it was brought back to international attention by Yale archeologist Hiram Bingham who rediscovered it in 1911, and wrote a best-selling work about it. Peru is pursuing legal efforts to retrieve thousands of artifacts that Bingham removed from the site.