Archive for the 'Monuments' Category

The Taj Mahal, Agra, India

Monday, July 10th, 2006

The Taj Mahal (Hindi: ताज महल, Persian, Urdu: تاج محل), is a monument located in Agra in India, constructed between 1631 and 1654 by a workforce of 20,000. The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned its construction as a mausoleum for his favourite wife, Arjumand Bano Begum, who is better known as Mumtaz Mahal.

[View of Taj Mahal monument from the roof of the Gatehouse, looking across the Chahar Bagh - Gardens of Paradise, through the mid-morning ... all » haze. Cooking fires in the early morning produced a haze which persisted until mid-afternoon. All Taj Mahal videos by by Armchair Travel Co Ltd, London]

The Taj Mahal (sometimes called “the Taj”) is generally considered the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements of Indian, Persian architecture and Turkish architecture[1] [2]. The Taj Mahal has achieved special note because of the romance of its inspiration. While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar part of the monument, the Taj Mahal is actually an integrated complex of structures.
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Stonehenge, England

Sunday, July 9th, 2006

Stonehenge is a Neolithic and Bronze Age monument located near Amesbury in the English county of Wiltshire, about 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury. It is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones, known as megaliths. There is some debate about the age of the stone circle, but most archaeologists think that it was mainly constructed between 2500 BC and 2000 BC. The older circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute perhaps the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC.

The site and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in 1986. It is also a legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument. The monument itself is owned and managed by English Heritage whilst the surrounding downland is owned by the National Trust.

[Source: Wikipedia]